Rural India sells household gold for cash

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KOLKATA: The volume of old gold being recycled in tier-2 and tier-3 cities has risen 50% since January.

A price hike of 6.68% in gold since January and low access to digital transactions are encouraging to recycle their old gold in these areas. Jewellers said people are liquidating gold to take advantage of the price rise, especially during the wedding season. Gold price has risen from Rs 27,570 per 10 gm on January 1 to Rs 29,400 per 10 gm.

"People living in smaller towns are recycling gold to meet the household demand. In these areas, the digital transaction facilities are not adequate to help them purchase gold. Most of them are not used to such transactions. And they do not want to give away the cash in hand. All these factors are forcing them to recycle old gold," said Nitin Khandelwal, chairman, All India Gem & Jewellery Trade Federation.

World Gold Council estimates that 89.6 tonnes of gold was recycled in 2016 compared to 80.2 tonnes in 2015. "The government should come up with a recycled gold policy which will give a direction to people who are willing to offload ancestral gold," said Surendra Mehta, national secretary, India Bullion & Jewellers Association (IBJA).

Nearly 25,000 tonnes of idle gold are locked up in Indian households. Saurabh Gadgil, managing director, PNG Jewellers, said people are encashing gold to take advantage of the rising prices.

"Our stores in Aurangabad, Nanded, Sangli-Kolhapur, Jalna and Vidarbha are witnessing heavy flow of recycled gold. There is also a strong sentiment in the that gold prices will shoot up going ahead," he said.

Electronics recycling center proposed for Cumberland County

MIDDLESEX TOWNSHIP, CUMBERLAND COUNTY, Pa. - Recycling TV's and other electronics can be a challenge for the people who want to get rid of them.

State law makes it illegal to put electronics in the trash. Recycling those items can often be a costly program for many Pennsylvania counties.

It can be difficult for people to find a new home for old TV's and other electronics in Cumberland County.

Cumberland County recycling coordinator Justin Miller said "I can't tell you the number of calls we get all the time. Largely driven by televisions. Televisions are the most challenging of the electronics."

Until it hired a contractor to do the job, the York County Solid Waste Management authority found recycling used electronics doesn't come cheap.

York County Solid Waste Authority Manager Ellen O'Connor said "had we not been able to do that, we would have been spending out of pocket, close to one million dollars this year for those expenses. What we're paying ECOvanta right now is around $8,500 a month."

A recent state law that made it illegal to dispose electronics in the trash, was supposed to make recycling better for the environment, but officials in many counties found it to do the opposite.

"Act 108 bans haulers from picking up certain electronic devices at the curb. It also bans disposal of certain electronics at any waste disposal facility in Pennsylvania," O'Connor said.

"People are finding their own disposal outlets which can be in the woods, along roads and streams, and then it's truly exposed to the environment," Miller said.

It's why Cumberland County plans to do some recycling of its own and re-purpose a county barn into a more suitable place for recycled electronics.

"Pennsylvania has a law that says manufacturers are supposed to fund electronics recycling. It's not working out very well. So what we're seeing is recyclers abandon that program and essentially go out on their own and charge fees," Miller said.

"I think it's a necessity, than 'oh let's do this.' I think counties and communities that are stepping up and saying we need to comply with the law. We need to find a way to do that. We need to be able to serve the needs of our residents," O'Connor said.

Officials said the center will charge 50 cents per pound, per item.

They propose to have the recycling center open two days a week, by late spring or early summer once commissioners approve the plan.

Adams County
There is no e-cycling program in Adams County. Residents who need to recycle electronics may take it to the Washington Township transfer station located in Franklin County.

Dauphin County
Dauphin County offers an e-cycling program for residents only.

Franklin County
According to the county's website, "Franklin County does not sponsor an organized countywide recycling system. Ongoing budgetary constraints limit the county's ability to support ancillary services."

"Currently recycling is made available through a combination of curbside and drop-off collection programs. The programs that do exist operate in 20 of the 22 municipalities."

Lancaster County
LCSWMA offers Lancaster County residents free drop-off services for household hazardous waste (HHW), including e-waste, at a drive-through hhw facility on Harrisburg Pike in Lancaster.

The HHW Facility is open 5.5 days each week, and again, is free for Lancaster County residents only. E-waste accepted at the facility includes desktop computers, laptops, printers, keyboards, speakers, televisions, and mobile devices.

York County
York County offers an electronics recycling program Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays from 1:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m.

Homeboy Industries Acquires Isidore Electronics Recycling

Nonprofit Homeboy Industries has acquired Los Angeles-based Isidore Electronics Recycling, which is now dubbed Homeboy Recycling Powered by Isidore. The deal closed in November and was financed entirely by donations.

Isidore Electronics Recycling will be staffed by former inmates going through Homeboy's 18-month training program, which includes counseling, tattoo removal and other services.

Los Angeles Times has more information:

Homeboy Industries is already a salsa maker, cake baker and cafe operator. Now the Los Angeles institution, which helps the formerly incarcerated find jobs, is adding a new label to its expanding empire: recycler.

The nonprofit announced Monday that it had acquired Isidore Electronics Recycling, a downtown Los Angeles company that collects, sorts, shreds and resells gadgets including laptops and phones. The recycling center will be rebranded Homeboy Recycling Powered by Isidore (named after Saint St. Isidore, the ancient Spanish scholar considered the patron saint of computers and the Internet).


Olympic Medals for Tokyo Games Will Be Made from Recycled Electronics

Recycled electronics will go for the gold, as organizers of the Tokyo 2020 Olympics have announced their plan to source the gold, silver and bronze needed for the games' medals from discarded smartphones.

Tokyo 2020 organizers announced this month that all of the Olympic medals will be made from recycled materials. The agenda for Tokyo 2020, which is described as a "strategic roadmap" for the event, specifically calls for the inclusion of sustainability in every aspect of the games. Organizers said they are also working to engage the Japanese population in the event. As such, the committee has invited the public to participate, asking citizens to donate their discarded or obsolete electronic devices.

The project's goal is to collect about 8 tons [7.25 metric tons] of metal, which will be recycled down to about 2 tons [1.8 metric tons] - enough to produce 5,000 medals for the Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games, according to the committee. [Top 10 Craziest Environmental Ideas]

"The life stories of so many are defined by the pursuit of these metal medallions, and those same stories are what inspire and bring millions of us together," Ashton Eaton, a U.S. decathlete and two-time Olympic gold medalist, said in a statement. "And now, thanks to the Tokyo 2020 Olympic Medal Project, not only do the athletes inspire with their stories, but each medal itself has a story of its own."

Eaton said each citizen that donates is contributing to that story as well, which also helps raise awareness about sustainability and environmental issues.

Beginning in April, people in Japan will be able to find collection boxes in more than 2,400 NTT DOCOMO stores (the mobile phone company has partnered with Tokyo 2020), as well as in public offices across Japan. The collection of the recycled consumer electronics will end when the committee meets its 8-ton target.


Sell my Used Samsung in Montreal for Extracting Precious Metals

Sell my Used Samsung in Montreal for Extracting Precious Metals

Metal recovery is the most important output of recycling e-waste. All the electronic devices consist of precious and semi precious metals. These metals can be extracted from the devices during recycling and used later on for various other purposes. The waste is reduced to the minute level to be used later on. If you are still stuck with the idea of “sell my used Samsung in Montreal”, then rest assured give it someone who will recycle it to save the environment and the living beings. Montreal encourages refurbishment of old mobile phones.

The processes following which the metal recovery is done include:

· Shredding- This is also known as mechanical recycling. The electronic items are literally shredded using specialized equipment to extract metals from their body. After this is done, the materials are segregated employing vertical vibration separation, Eddy currents and magnetic field. The latest technology is used to separate iron from copper and these metals are sold for smelters and additional shredding subsequently. The less significant ones are disposed as landfills. Fine dust is another by product of the process which can be used for producing Portland cement and balance 30% of the weight. The dust particles consist of aluminium and calcium oxide with lesser amounts of lead and copper. Shredding is recommended for separating plastics from metals but is not suitable for separating PCBs from low quality metals.

· Pyrometallurgical Recovery- This is a highly technical process which entails adding concentrated copper ore to the shredded electronic waste. This is refined by using heat later on. Any kind of metal can be separated from e-waste following this process. A successful demonstration was given by Noranda process which used Copper Smelter in Canada. In this process, they treated the e-waste by adding 24% liquid copper at 1250 degree Centigrade. The process is used in converting iron, zinc and lead into oxides later separated by using silicon dioxide based slag. An anode furnace is used to refine such metals to create alloys of copper like nickel, platinum, silver, selenium, tellurium, gold and palladium containing 99.1% of the metal. Polymetallurgy is recommended for separating e-waste with high metal content. However, it is not useful for separating aluminium and other dioxins as it uses brominated flame retardants.

· Thermal Depolymerization- Decomposing organic molecules with the use of high pressure and water combined with thermal energy is the core of this method. This is usually used for making epoxies and plastic into useful oil. The solids obtained as residue from this process contains greater percentage of metals. This is a recommended process for treating e-waste consisting of high concentration of oxides.

All these processes or methods can be used for recycling electronic waste of which mobile phones are a major part and extracting metals. These metals can be used for different purposes. These are separate processes and not a chain linked to the former one. Some apt for certain kinds of e-waste while others are suitable for something else. However, the compilation does not end here. There is more to come.


Palamina : to Focus on Puno Gold Belt in Southeastern Peru

TORONTO, ON / ACCESSWIRE / January 20, 2017 / Palamina Corp. (TSX-V: PA) has incorporated a 100% owned Peruvian subsidiary, Palamina S.A.C. On January 19, 2017, Palamina S.A.C. acquired the application mining rights to 23,000 hectares within the Department of Puno in southeast Peru north of Lake Titicaca. The application rights were acquired to establish a presence in a highly prospective auriferous belt which measures approximately 175 kilometres by 75 kilometres. The gold belt is bordered by Bolivia to the east and the Madre de Dios region to the north, and contains numerous orogenic gold showings. Palamina, in the belief that this region has considerable potential to contain significant orogenic gold deposits, has acquired the rights to five mining concessions within the belt.

Andrew Thomson, President and C.E.O. of Palamina Corp. stated, "Palamina is exploring for significant gold deposits in the Puno gold belt in southeastern Peru. Mineralized gold structures located within this emerging gold belt in the eastern Andes have been exploited by artisanal and small-scale miners for decades. These gold-bearing structures are thought to be the source of extensive alluvial gold deposits located in the low-lying Madre de Dios region to the north. Gold production from these alluvial deposits, as reported to the Peruvian Ministry of Mines for 2016, was in excess of 500,000 ounces of gold."

The Puno gold belt occurs within a larger belt of orogenic gold deposits which extends from northern Argentina, through Bolivia and the Puno belt and up to the Pataz region, located approximately 900 km to the north of the Puno belt in north-central Peru. Gold mineralization in the Puno region occurs as tabular zones of quartz veining in fine-grained metamorphosed sedimentary rocks. Tabular zones may occur as discrete, stacked bedding-parallel horizons within the host rock. Mineralization consists of native gold in veins, veinlets and microveinlets and metallurgical recoveries are typically high.

Concession applications in five separate mineralized areas were acquired; the Gaban, Cori, Coasa, Orco and Sandia project areas. Palamina has established an office in Lima and is in the process of prioritizing the claim application areas. During the next six months Palamina plans to evaluate each area and to prioritize them based on their geological potential.

A location map may be viewed at:


Mr. Steven T. Priesmeyer, C.P.G., is Vice President Exploration for Palamina Corp. He is a qualified person as defined by NI 43-101 and he has reviewed the geological contents of this press release.

About Palamina Corp.

Palamina is directed by a group of proven mine finders focused on securing mining assets in the America's with the potential to make significant discoveries. Palamina has acquired the application rights to five areas in the Puno gold belt and one project in the coastal I.O.C.G. belt in Southern Peru and holds 100% interest in three exploration projects in Mexico. Palamina has 22,574,713 shares outstanding and trades on the TSX Venture Exchange under the symbol PA.

Andrew Thomson, President
or visit www.palamina.com

Neither the TSX Venture Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the TSX Venture Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release. This communication to shareholders and the public contains certain forward-looking statements. Actual results may differ materially from those indicated by such statements. All statements, other than statements of historical fact, included herein, including, without limitations statements regarding future production, are forward-looking statements that involve various risks and uncertainties. There can be no assurance that such statements will prove to be accurate and actual results and future events could differ materially from those anticipated in such statements.

SOURCE: Palamina Corp.


UBC researchers develop flowsheet for LED bulb recycling

UBC researchers develop flowsheet for LED bulb recycling

VANCOUVER (miningweekly.com) - Researchers at the University of British Columbia (UBC) have developed a flowsheet to extract copper, lead, zinc, silver and small amounts of rare earth metals, including lutetium, cerium and europium, as well as the 'technology metals' gallium and indium from discarded light-emitting diode (LED) bulbs.

Mineral processing engineer Dr Maria Holuszko and her PhD student, Amit Kumar, have found a way to make LEDs even more environment-friendly, developing a technology that could help in keeping industrial and precious metals out of landfills.

"This mining of metals from waste streams is what 'urban mining' is about. While urban mining, even at its most efficient, can probably only meet about a quarter of the current demand for metals, it can complement traditional mining and do the environment good at the same time," states Holuszko in an email interview.

She explains that the recycling flowsheet processes use crushing, grinding and other simple physical processes to recover valuable metals in an economic and environmentally safe manner. The methods are based on material properties, such as density, electrical conductivity, shape and size, resulting in simple, clean and economical processing.

"Our methods resulted in capturing higher amounts of recoverable, valuable metals in the final sample. The copper content alone was at 65%, compared with the 30% or 40% copper content usually obtained from ore in traditional mine processing. The lead content was 6%, zinc was 4.5% and silver was 1 640 ppm - pretty good concentrations. Eventually, we also hope to use this workflow to find a way to recover gold in significant amounts," Holuszko says.

The researchers plan to scale the process, and have to date conducted a test run of the process in collaboration with Contact Environmental, British Columbia's largest lamp recycler, located in Richmond.

"We've proven that it works, with significant amounts of copper, lead, zinc and silver being recovered and kept out of landfills. We plan to improve the recovery of metals even further and eventually implement this processing on a larger scale in 2017, with funding support from research not-for-profit Mitacs," she said.

Further, electronic waste from old computers, cellphones, LED lights and other electronic devices is a growing problem for North American communities and also for developing countries that process waste.

"If we can extract the maximum amount of material from e-waste, we would make it easier and safer to recycle. We will be able to limit other communities' exposure to potentially toxic materials, while also recovering valuable minerals. My dream is to find a way to close the cycle so that in the future, there is zero waste," Holuszko says.